2nd Most Important Part of the Textile Industry in Production
Weaving is one of the methods of Textile Production in which two different sets of yarns or threads are interwoven at right angles to form a fabric or a piece of cloth. Other more methods are Knitting, Crocheting, Felting, and Braiding or Plaiting. The method in which these threads are Inter-woven that affects the characteristics of the cloth. The cloth is usually woven on a loom, a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave. The majority of woven products are created with one of three basic weaves: plain weave, satin weave, or twill. Woven cloth can be plain (in one color or a simple pattern or in the embossed form), or can be woven in Decorative or Artistic or Innovative Design.
The secondary motions of the looms are the:
- Let off motion:
- Take up motion:
The tertiary motions of the loom are:
- Warp stop motion
- Weft stop motion
Weaving can be summarized as a repetition of these three actions, also called the primary motions of the loom.
- Shedding: The process where the warp up threads ends gets separated by raising or lowering healed frames to form a visible space where the pick can pass.
- Picking: The process where the weft or pick is propelled across the loom by hand, an air-jet, a rapier, or a shuttle.
- Battening: The process where the weft is pushed up against the fell of the cloth by the reed.